10 Medicinal Herbs, Oils and Foods of the Bible
This may seem like an unusual theme for an article, but allow me to explain my perspective. When we begin to delve into the wonders of the natural world, it’s absurd to me to think that this all could have happened “by chance.” There are simply too many variables; too many contingencies; too many dependencies in nature to try to explain their intricacies and interdependencies on happenstance.
Instead, I firmly believe that what we enjoy in nature today is the work of our Creator. I believe, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1) I also believe that God continues to sustain and uphold all things and that He is active in our lives whether we choose to acknowledge Him or not. Psalm 104:13-15 bears this out beautifully in poetic form:
He waters the mountains from his upper chambers; the land is satisfied by the fruit of his work. He makes grass grow for the cattle, and plants for people to cultivate—bringing forth food from the earth: wine that gladdens human hearts, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.
If this perspective is true, then it should come as no surprise to us that our Creator has provided for us some amazing natural remedies. Some of these are so accessible that we can pluck them from the garden or the forest. Others require a refining process of some kind and we wonder, “How in the world did mankind ever discover this?”
When we look at some of the healing herbs and oils of the Bible, I caution us not to award them any special prominence. While some of the Bible is prescriptive (telling us how we should live), much of it is descriptive (telling us how people of that era and locale lived). And in the case of these herbs, oils and foods, certainly these represent gifts from God to us, but they are not “God’s prescription” for us.
The Bible and the herbs and oils it describes center around the Middle East and ancient times. The people of that day used what was at hand. In other parts of the world and in other climates we enjoy some of the same herbs and oils, but also many different ones not available in the Middle East.
So what makes the herbs and oils of the Bible so special? It’s simply the wonder of knowing that those who lived thousands of years before us struggled with many of the same health issues that we face. Even back then, they enjoyed an amazing natural medicine chest stocked for them by their (and our) loving Creator, God. And we can enjoy these too.
10 Medicinal Herbs, Oils and Foods of the Bible
If you’re like me, you’re probably wondering, “What’s dill good for besides making dill pickles?” Matthew 23:23 mentions dill as an herb that was commonly grown in Bible times. As an herb, dill grows in many places all over the world. You may even grow it in your herb garden. Dill is extremely versatile and both the seeds and leaves are used in foods and medicines.
Dill’s medicinal values come primarily from monoterpenes compounds, flavonoids, minerals and amino acids. These components act as an antioxidant and neutralize particular types of carcinogens, such as the smoke generated from roasting, grilling, charring or frying food.
Dill has been effective in the relief of:
- Menstrual disorders
- Respiratory issues
- Fungal and bacterial infections
Dill can also:
- Boost the immune system and digestion
- Help prevent arthritis and even cancer
- Promote bone health
- Help manage insulin levels in those with diabetes, , 
Make dill tea by crushing two teaspoons of dill seeds, steeping them in a cup of boiling water for ten minutes, and then straining. You can also simply chew on dill seeds to reap their health benefits. Dill essential oil and dried dill leaves are also available as supplements.
Like dill, mint is also referred to in that passage in Matthew’s Gospel. Most of us are aware of the fresh, cool flavor of mint that’s used today in a wide variety of applications. But mint also packs some amazing health benefits. Of all foods known to mankind, mint is one of the highest in antioxidants.
- Mint also possesses anti-inflammatory properties due to rosmarinic acid. This compound is noted for its ability to provide relief from seasonal allergies and keep breathing airways open.
- Mint’s natural aromatic ingredient menthol helps relieve the common cold, indigestion, nausea, gas, and irritable bowel syndrome.
- Peppermint extract is also an excellent pain reliever.
- Mint oil can also provide relief from insect bites and rashes.
- Mint aroma is also known to calm a person suffering depression or fatigue.
You can chew mint leaves, make a tea from its leaves by steeping dried leaves for 10 minutes, or applying mint oil according to the manufacturer’s guidelines.
This herb is the third one mentioned in that Matthew passage above. The active ingredients in cumin include cuminaldehyde and thymol. In particular, these two compounds activate the salivary glands that help digest food and relieve the distress of gas. This seed of good digestion stimulates the secretion of pancreatic enzymes, compounds necessary for proper digestion and nutrient assimilation. Cumin seeds and cumin essential oil pressed from its seeds provide its health benefits.
Cumin is used to treat:
- Respiratory disorders
- Skin disorders and boils
- Cancer (protects against stomach or liver tumors)
You can make a tea by boiling two teaspoons of cumin seeds in water and steeping for ten minutes. Or, introduce cumin into your cooking by grinding cumin seeds to a powder using a mortar and pestle. Cumin compliments garbanzo beans, black beans, brown rice, as well as vegetables. Cumin seed essential oil is also available.
Rue, a less common herb, is mentioned in Luke 11:42. Rue grows wild or cultivated and displays a pretty yellow flower. Today, rue flourishes wild across North America in zones 6 through 11. Rue is more of a shrub than a plant and grows up to two feet tall.
Rue is a good source of flavonoids and boasts an impressive set of medicinal compounds. Rue possesses properties as an antidote to poison, an anti-arthritic, anti-rheumatic, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, insecticidal, sedative, digestive, anti-epileptic, and anti-hysteric.
Rue is effective in relieving joint pain due to arthritis and rheumatism. In smoke or mist form it serves as an excellent insect repellant. It can also kill microbes and prevent bacterial infections. Rue essential oil can prove very effective against: